The harmful effects of alcoholism are numerous and potentially deadly, not to mention destructive to the alcoholic’s job, family, goals, and relationships generally.
Alcohol acts as a depressant on the mind, most strongly affecting the area that modulates inhibitions and judgment. In many cases the alcoholic is seeking only that: liberation from anxiety, shyness, rigidity of thinking, as well as the euphoric feeling which accompanies the release of these psychological restrictions.
The happy drunk seems to get along with everyone since he loses his ability to correctly judge others. Everybody becomes his friend, and he’s the life of the party. He also loses his inhibitions – that in normal life limit him and cause him societal anxiety.
The mad drunk also loses his inhibitions, which when sober confine him from expressing his emotions, particularly, anger. His loss of inhibition translates into reduction of anger management and private self-control.
So while much study was undertaken to try and produce a working model of the alcoholic personality, it has not been possible to do so because many personality types become alcoholics for an assortment of reasons. It is certain though that alcoholism does exactly the identical physiological damage to the person’s brain, nervous system, and liver, regardless of his personality and behavior.
Notwithstanding the initial euphoria experienced by the drinker, ingestion of more alcohol contributes to a more miserable state. The flow and respiratory systems also become miserable, so that a severe use of alcohol can lead to stupor, coma and even death.
As the mind suffers from bouts of alcoholism, so does the nervous system.
Effect of Alcoholism on the Nervous System
Among the observable effects of alcoholism is the loss of balance and muscle coordination. As drinkers consume more and more alcohol, their speech is slurred, their movements become clumsy and awkward, and they lose their equilibrium. This is not due to direct effect of alcohol on the muscles, but the direct impact on the brain and its impulses into the peripheral nervous system.
The liver is responsible for many vital functions in the human body and suffers greatly from the effects of alcoholism. One important role of the liver is to destroy and eliminate toxic substances from the blood and send them to other organs for removal. Under pressure, the liver will fail to do this function properly, leading to toxemia, poor immune function, infection, Critter Control Cost, skin diseases, kidney disease, impaired circulation, tumors, and some time host of disorders.
Over 90% of the alcohol consumed by the body has to be removed by the process of oxidation, which takes place in the liver. Oxidation is the breakdown of alcohol to carbon dioxide and water (CO2 and H2O). The pace at which the liver may carry out this function is the same regardless of the quantity of alcohol consumed by the individual. So, the more alcohol consumed, the more the liver’s work backs up because it can’t oxidize any quicker to meet the higher demand.
By way of example, if your sanitation men can pick up only two bags of garbage a week, but you always set out 2 bags of garbage every day, then you get a huge accumulation of garbage in front of your home! And the sanit men can still pick up just two bags. It’s the exact same way with the liver… it can only process at the same rate, regardless of the demand to process more and more alcohol.
Extended drinking binges set the liver under constant and severe strain, and that’s the reason a lot of alcoholics develop a disease called cirrhosis of the liver, in which many liver cells are actually dead or non-functioning. As the alcoholic’s disease progresses, the liver is less and less equipped to take care of the strain. The liver’s inability to neutralize other chemicals in the body becomes compromised as well. It’s a vicious cycle of consuming more and more toxic substances which can’t be processed or excreted. When the liver can no longer efficiently process these toxic substances, they get secreted into the fatty tissue and lymph nodes of the body, leading to cysts, growths, and tumors as they build up over time.
Additionally, prolonged alcoholism may lead to weight gain because the body cannot handle the excess sugars consumed with alcohol, nor can it excrete toxic waste matter.
The liver of the average non-alcoholic person has the ability to oxidize one half to one ounce of whiskey, or six to twelve ounces of beer every hour. Glasses of beer and three shots of whiskey in 1 hour, you’ve given your liver three hours of oxidation to do for it to process and remove the alcohol byproducts.
From this formula you can find out that for each drink you take your body should have one hour to process it before you drive. If you go to a party or bar and have three drinks, wait three hours until you can safely drive home again.
Effects of Alcoholism on Your Skin
The skin is truly an organ of elimination weighing approximately 13 pounds in the average sized person. Only a small portion of alcohol is sweated out through the skin – the liver bears the major brunt of detoxifying the alcohol.
Drinking alcohol causes a sudden flush impact in the face and skin, making it appear red. The presence of “gin blisters” on the noses and face of alcoholics is simply harm from the repeated sudden dilation of the small capillaries in the skin, which over time, get broken. The initial rush produces a sense of warmth, which is why many people in cold climates take to drinking. However the repeated rush of blood to the little capillaries in the skin takes its toll over time.
Drinking alcohol robs the skin and body of much-needed moisture. Premature aging can be linked to absence of such moisture in the body tissues. Translation: a chronic drinker will age faster, develop grey hair more quickly, and create skin wrinkles and creases faster. For this reason many alcoholics seem much older than their chronological age. Deficiency of appropriate moisture to the skin may also cause skin discoloration, paleness of complexion, or a grayish cast to the skin.
Can anything reverse the harmful effects of alcoholism? It depends upon the length and severity of this disease. Substance abuse centers provide recovery programs for alcoholics between psychological and spiritual counseling in addition to alcohol detox. On a concrete level, one may undertake an assortment of detox programs, many of which can be completed in the privacy of one’s home. Alcohol detox may be carried out by supplements, detox diet plans, detox baths and soaks, and by use of other detoxification solutions. Fortunately, there’s a huge array of options for how one may try to cancel the fatal effects of alcoholism. But self-care is often not enough when the addiction has taken hold. The most appropriate course of therapy would be to seek a rehab center offering medical assistance for emergency intervention.